If you would like to reduce your Personal Risk of being victimized by a crime, then you have to account for the multiple Individual Factors which affect the likelihood that you will be targeted for crime and how you will respond to such targeting. If you would like to reduce Societal Risk, then a person’s Individual Factors don’t matter. Societal Risk is average risk of being victimized. Since that risk is an average of all people (or a certain defined class) in Society, individual actions have a negligible effect on the average risk.
It is the actions of the perpetrators of crime that has the greatest effect on Societal Risk. All things being equal, more perpetrators create more crime. Fewer perpetrators create less crime. But while Societal Risk may fluctuate by a few percentage points, say for example 2% - 10%, Individual Risk may fluctuate from less than 1% to 80% or higher.
It is in the best interest of those that focus on Societal Risk to claim any and all focus on Individual Risk is “Victim Blaming”. In the Societal Risk Model, individual actions are not relevant and are both a distraction and detriment to lowering Societal Risk. Therefore, any discussion of Individual Factors must be silenced by calling it “Victim Blaming”.
17. Believing that Society is primarily responsible for your personal safety.
18. Being perceived as a someone will not report a violation.
17. Believing that you are primarily responsible for your own personal safety.
18. Being perceived as someone who will report a violation.
Victim Factoring shows that an individual has some power to lower his or her Individual Risk of being victimized. It also shows that certain Factors are out of the person’s control. Sometimes, some Factors can be controlled, other times they can't. But what Victim Factoring does not do is to assign “blame” to the victim. Victim Blaming is a construct of the Societal Risk Model that while illuminating many ills and bias in society, is many times used as a tool to silence any discussion or focus on lowering Individual Risk.